Troncale’s GST, Systems Processes Theory (SPT) also has as an isomorphy, non-linear causality, as a hallmark of complex systems. It is non-linear causality that gives the CAS of fame their unpredictability and raises the need for a revolution in the sciences from pure and unchallenged reductionism. In the SPT, major differences are noted for a taxonomy of more than a dozen TYPES or TAXONS of non-linear causality. We include them under systems isomorphies to emphasize that they are active on all scalar levels and in all disciplines.
Wilson had observations on time and causality which are included here.